A healthy tongue is usually pink and covered with small nodules (papillae). Any changes in your tongue’s normal appearance accompanied by pain may be a sign of an underlying medical problem. Here are a few changes to look out for and what they could potentially indicate:
A sore and bumpy tongue could be due to trauma, smoking, canker sores, or an early sign of oral cancer.
A white coating or white spots on the tongue could indicate oral thrush, leukoplakia, or oral lichen planus.
A black tongue with excessively long papillae could be a sign of severe bacterial growth on the tongue due to poor dental hygiene.
A red tongue could be a sign of folic acid and vitamin B12 deficiencies. However, a strawberry-like appearance may be a result of scarlet fever or Kawasaki disease.
Seek immediate medical intervention if you notice any of the above signs.
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